Logical Fallacies

 

List of known logical fallacies.

Name
Explanation
Examples
Alternative names
Commonality
(1-5 with 5 being most common)
Ad Hominem
5
Affirming the Consequent4
Ambiguity3
Anecdotal4
Anonymous Authority4
Appeal to Authority5
Appeal to Emotion4
Appeal to Faith4
Appeal to Fear3
Appeal to Nature5
Appeal to PopularityArgumentum ad populum, bandwagon, appeal to common belief, appeal to the masses, appeal to the mob, argument by consensus5
Appeal to Tradition4
Argument from Ignorance5
Base Rate FallacyBiased Sample3
Begging the Question4
Burden of Proof4
CompositionFallacy of Composition, Exception Fallacy3
Equivocation2
Fallacy Fallacy2
False CauseCorrelation does not imply causation, Questionable cause4
False DichotomyBlack-or-White, either-or fallacy, false dilemma4
Gambler's Fallacy4
Genetic4
Hasty Generalization4
Historian's Fallacy3
Loaded Language3
Loaded Question3
Middle Ground4
Missing the PointIgnoratio Elenchi3
Moving the Goalposts3
No True Scotsman3
Non-Sequitur3
Personal Incredulity5
Poisoning the Well2
Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc4
Red Herring3
Slippery Slope4
Special Pleading4
Spotlight Fallacy4
Strawman4
Texas Sharpshooter3
Tu Quoque4